Obesity can have drastic life-threatening risks to your pet. The heavier the pet becomes the less they want to exercise which results in less energy being burned up. Obese pets are prone to a variety of health issues.
Risks factors include:
- Decreased stamina resulting in exercise intolerance– Excessive weight results in fatigue which leads to less exercise, fewer calories being burned and increased weight gain.
- Heat intolerance – extra adipose tissue (fats) acts as insulation resulting in a higher risk of overheating.
- Breathing difficulty – Extra tissue build up in the neck and chest causes internal pressure to the throat, windpipe and lungs resulting in difficulty breathing.
- Diabetes mellitus.
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) – increased body fat results in the change of blood dynamics.
- Osteoarthritis – Excessive body weight results in pressure to all joints of the body, resulting in damage and pain to the joints and bones.
- Liver disease – increased levels of fats in the bloodstream result on pressure on the liver functions.
- Heart disease
- Urinary bladder stones
- Weakened immune system – The immune system continually reacts to the presence of extra fat within the body, resulting in a reduce in the ability to react effectively to other disease which may occur.
- An increase in anaesthetic risk
- An increased risk of developing tumours.
Read Part 1 – Obesity in our pets
Read Part 3 – Treatment and management of pet obesity