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Feline infectious enteritis (FIE).

Feline infectious enteritis is caused by a feline parvovirus and infects domestic cats, wild cats and kittens. This disease has many similar properties to canine parvovirus.

How does infection occur?

Your cats are vulnerable to feline infectious enteritis if they are unvaccinated. It usually occurs as a result of unvaccinated kittens/cats that live in close quarters with one another. Just like in dogs the virus is often shed either by vomit, saliva, excrement and urine. The virus can still be shed by your cat 6 weeks prior to the initial infection. Transmission of this virus occurs via the oral route or through the placenta during pregnancy.

How does feline infectious enteritis affect my pet?

Feline infectious enteritis can affect your pet by damaging the gastrointestinal system, which will lead to gastroenteritis. This infection can also affect the cats bone marrow, lymphoid tissue and central nervous system in the late stages before birth or new-born stages of your cat.

The damage that can be done to the cat’s bone marrow will result in low white blood cell counts and the enteritis will cause the cat to be vulnerable to bacterial infections

How do I know if my pet is affected, what are the signs?

In mild cases of feline infectious enteritis, the symptoms are often difficult to detect, but in more acute cases the clinical signs include:

  • Dehydration, hypothermia.
  • Pyrexia, depression, anorexia.
  • Retinal lesions.

Therefore, as the saying goes, “Prevention is better than cure” and shows that if our feline friends are up to date with their vaccinations and get their booster vaccine every 12 months, they are less susceptible to a virus as horrible as feline infectious enteritis.